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Nepal

Trekking map of NepalNepal is a Himalayan Coutry which lies in South Asia between Tibet, an autonomous region of the People’s Republic of China to the north and India to the south. This country is rectangular in shape having 885km in length from east to west and its breadth varies from 145km to 241km north to south.

The elevation of the country ranges from 70m sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848mt. all within a distance of 150km with climatic variations ranging from sub tropical to arctic. The country is popularly known in the world for an incredible variety of eco systems, the greatest mountain range, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys.

Himalayan Region:The altitude of this region is above 5,000m. The region encompasses eight of the 14 highest summits of the world crossing over an altitude of 8,000m including Everest, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri etc.


Hilly Region:The region lies between the Himalayan and Terai region soaring up to 4,877m.


Terai Region:It extends from the Nepal-India border in the south to the base of Siwalik Hills (Churia) in the north. Its elevation ranges from 70 to 200m with subtropical climate.


People:Nepal has a composite population stemming from various racial and ethnic communities. It has been a melting pot of diverse linguistic and ethnic groups with population 25 million living in different regions, wearing different costumes and speaking different languages and dialects the people belong to multi-ethnic groups, ranging from the Indo-Aryan to Mongoloid. The Himalayan and central hilly regions are mostly inhabited by the people of the Tibeto-Burman stock while the people inhabiting the Terai lowlands may be grouped under the Indo-Aryan category.


Religion:Hinduism and Buddhism constitute two major religions in Nepal. a remarkable feature of Nepal is the religious homogeneity what exists, particularly between the Hindu and Buddhist communities. Apart from the Hindus and Buddhists, Muslim forms the third largest religious group.


History:Nepal has a long glorious history. Its civilization can be traced back to thousand of years before the birth of Christ. For centuries, the kingdom of Nepal was divided into many principalities (more than fifty States). Kirantas ruled in the east, the Newars in the Kathmandu Valley, while Gurungs and Magars had their domain the mid-west. The Kirantas were said to have ruled their territories from 300 B.C. The country took its present shape only after 1768 A.D. when Prithvi Narayan Shah, king of Gorkha, conquered and united all the tiny states into one kingdom.


Art and Culture:There is perhaps no country in the world except Nepal where traditional architecture, painting and sculpture have been well preserved for 1500 years. The exquisite medieval art and architecture of the Kathmandu valley vividly reflects the artistic ingenuity and the religious tradition of the people. To better understand the deep and complex roots of Nepalese culture, it is necessary to visit the monuments and religious shrines.


Climate:Nepal's climate varies with its topography. It ranges from tropical to alpine depending upon the altitude. The Terai region which lies in the tropical southern part of the country, for instance, has a hot & humid climate. The mid-land regions are pleasant almost all year around although winter nights are cool. The northern mountain region, around an altitude above 3353 m has an alpine climate with a considerably lower temperature in winter as can be expected.

Nepal has four major seasons.

  • Winter (December-February)
  • Spring (March-May)
  • Summer (June-August)
  • Autumn (September-November)

Travel information:

Gettingby Air:Kathmandu is served by direct flight to/from Amsterdam,Abu Dhabi, Doha, Dubai, Karachi, Kolkota, Banglore, Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Varanasi, Dhaka, Paro (Bhutan), Lhasa (Tibet) Bangkok, Hong Kong, Singapore, Shanghai (China) and Osaka (Japan).

Gettingby Land:All visitors entering Nepal by land can enter through the following routes-Kakarbhitta, Birjung, Sunauli, Nepalgunj, Dhangadhi, Mahendranagar on the Nepal-India border and Kodari on the Nepal-China border.


Visa Regulation:Foreigner who intends to visit Nepal must hold valid passport or any travel document equivalent to passport issued by the goverment for visiting a foreign country prior to apply for visa.


Visa Fee:
1. USD $ 25 or equivalent foregin currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 15 days.
2. USD $ 40 or equivalent foregin currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 30 days.
3. USD $ 100 or equivalent foregin currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 90 days.


Season:The most popular seasons for traveling to Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan and India are spring (Feb-May) and autumn (Aug-Nov). During the monsoon season (June-Aug) tours and treks are also possible depending on where you are going.


What to wear:During most of the year light woolens and cottons are sufficient for day wear, with warmer attire necessary in the evenings. Heavy woolen clothing is required during winter months.


Communication:Private communication centers and hotels provide ISD, STD, Fax and E-mail services. The STD code for Nepal is 977. Inquiries can be made at 197.


Electricity:Major towns in Nepal have electricity and the voltage available is 220 volts and 50 cycles. Load shedding is sometimes experienced in Nepal. However, most of the hotels have installed their own generators.


Time:Nepal is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time)


Moneyand Credit Cards:Payment can be made in foreign exchange in hotels, travel agencies and airlines. Credit cards such as American Express, Master and Visa are widely accepted at major hotels, travel agencies, shops and restaurants.


Travel Documents:It is the traveler's own responsibility to obtain passport and travel visa. The passport should be valid for at least 6 months beyond the intended return date. The travelers is responsible for providing us the correct complete and accurate information about personal details including physical disabilities.


Guide:Our company provides all government-registered trekking and tour guides fluent in different foreign languages throughout the trips.

 

2012/2013
 
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NEWS & UPDATE:
Date: 2010-06-22
Paanchpokhari (literally means Five Ponds), which falls in the Langtang National Park, is formed by melting glaciers and all the lakes are considered sacred. There is also a Hindu temple nearby dedicated to Lord Shiva.
 
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Royal Mountain Holidays Nepal Pvt. Ltd.
P.O. Box: 10798, Durbar Marg, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Tel: 977-1-4241452, 4256058, Fax: 977-1-4245 318
Email: info@nepaltreks.com.np
trekking in Nepal